The following questions and concepts will help you prepare for Online Exam #1.

  1. How many online exams will be given this semester and how many can you drop?
  2. What are X-games and how do you earn points with X-games?
  3. What information should be placed at the top of all e-mails sent to your instructor?
  4. How many on-campus exams (midterms and finals) will be given this semester?
  5. Where should you go to find the links for all the required reading materials in the course?
  6. What page on this web site keeps you up to date with news, announcements, clarifications and events?
  7. How can you have course news and announcements delivered to your personal e-mail address?
  8. What are forums and how are they useful?
  9. What assignment must be completed before you receive a username and password to take exams?
  10. Why is just reading a poor way to study for an exam and what steps can you take to make sure you know and understand the reading material?
  11. Define world ocean and oceanography.
  12. How does the concept of six degrees of separation apply to oceanography?
  13. What percentage of the surface of our planet is covered by oceans?
  14. What percentage of water on our planet is contained in the oceans?
  15. Where is the deepest point in the ocean and how deep is it?
  16. Name the three major oceans. Which one is largest? Which one is deepest?
  17. What is the Monterey Bay submarine canyon?
  18. What is the average temperature of the ocean?
  19. Microscopic plants in the ocean are known as _______________.
  20. What is the largest animal in the ocean?
  21. What is the largest living structure on Earth?
  22. What animal supplies the largest percentage of protein to humans on our planet?
  23. Why is overfishing harming the oceans?
  24. What is the Gaia Hypothesis and who first proposed it?
  25. What is homeostasis? Give an example in humans.
  26. What is the significance of chemical equilibrium or non-equilibrium in a planet's atmosphere?
  27. What are the seven properties of living organisms?
  28. What is thermoregulation?
  29. What are coccolithophorids and what role might they play in cloud formation?
  30. What are cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and what chemical acts as a CCN?
  31. What is the difference between the strong Gaia hypothesis and the weak Gaia hypothesis?
  32. Define the beach, the foreshore, backshore, offshore and low-tide terrace.
  33. What kinds of materials can beaches be made of?
  34. What is a beach scarp?
  35. What is a beach cusp?
  36. What region defines the coastal ocean?
  37. What is a sand bar?
  38. What are low-energy or high-energy waves and when do they typically occur?
  39. How do low energy waves affect the beach face?
  40. How do high energy waves affect the beach face?
  41. What is the longshore current?
  42. What is longshore transport?
  43. Explain the statement: "The beach is dynamic, like a river of sand."
  44. What are the two most common minerals on our local beaches?
  45. Where does the sand on our beaches come from?
  46. What role do rivers play in beach processes?
  47. What river that flows next to Edison Field supplies sand to beaches south of Newport Beach?
  48. Why doesn't sand pile up at the mouths of rivers where they meet the sea?
  49. Where does the sand on our beaches eventually end up?
  50. What are barrier islands and where do they most commonly occur?